Approaches to Learning (ATL Skills)

Primary Years Programme Approaches to Learning
Thinking Skills
Acquisition of knowledge: Ability to recall facts and vocabulary.
Comprehension: Understanding of what is read or taught.
Application: Using knowledge in new situations.
Analysis: Comparing and contrasting; seeing relationships.
Synthesis: Creating, designing, or inventing.
Evaluation: Expressing and defending an opinion.
Dialectical Thought: Recognizing and understanding reasons for different points of view.
Metacognition: Thinking about how to make good decisions.
Social Skills:
Accepting responsibility: Taking responsibility for completing tasks.
Respecting others: Respecting the thoughts, feelings and beliefs of others.
Cooperating: Working together by being courteous, sharing and taking turns.
Resolving conflict: Accepting responsibility, compromising, being fair.
Group decision-making: Listening to others, discussing ideas, asking questions, and working towards agreement.
Adopting a variety of group roles: Making decisions as part of a group, knowing how to behave in different situations
Communication Skills:
Listening: Listening to directions, listening to others, listening to information.
Speaking: Speaking clearly; expressing ideas clearly and logically; giving oral reports.
Reading: Reading from a variety of sources and understanding what has been read ; making inferences; and drawing conclusions.
Writing: Recording information and observations; taking notes and paraphrasing; writing reports; writing journal entries.
Viewing: Viewing and interpreting signs, icons, and images in a variety of contexts.
Presenting: Presenting using visuals and appropriate technology.
Non- verbal communication: Recognizing the meaning of visual and kinesthetic communication; recognizing and creating signs; interpreting and using symbols.
Self-Management Skills:
Gross motor skills: Using large muscle skills effectively.
Fine motor skills: Using fine muscle skills effectively.
Spatial awareness: Being spatially aware of objects in relation to oneself or each other.
Organization: Planning and carrying out activities effectively.
Time management: Using time effectively and appropriately.
Safety: Avoiding behavior that puts them or others in danger.
Healthy lifestyle: Practicing appropriate hygiene and self-care; washing hands, using tissue, getting enough rest, making healthy food choices.
Codes of behavior: Following classroom essential agreements.
Informed choices: Making choices based on information or facts.
Research Skills:
Formulating questions: Asking questions; being curious about finding out more about something that can be researched.
Observing: Using all our senses to learn new things; noticing relevant details.
Planning: Figuring out ways to find out necessary information.
Collecting data: Gathering information from different sources.
Recording data: Describing and recording observations by drawing, note taking, making charts, tallying, writing statements.
Organizing data: Sorting and categorizing information data into descriptions, tables, timelines, diagrams or graphs.
Interpreting data: Drawing conclusions from information.
Presenting research findings: Effectively communicating what has been learned; choosing appropriate media.
"Primary Years Programme Approaches to Learning"  South Point Academy, Web. 4 September 2018. <>